On the second day of the G7 summit, an aide to the US president told the BBC that Joe Biden will urge Western countries to confront growing Chinese influence.
At the summit in Conwall, southern England, Biden is expected to call for a new alliance to compete with Beijing’s spending on infrastructure in developing countries.
The United States and its allies accuse China of employing forced laborers and other human rights abuses in Xinjiang.
G7 leaders will also commit to a new plan to stop future epidemics.
Measures include reducing the time needed to develop COVID-19 vaccines and treatments to less than 100 days.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson is hosting the three-day summit at the seaside resort of Carbis Bay in Cornwall.
What have Western powers done to China so far?
Earlier this year, the United States, the European Union, Britain and Canada imposed coordinated sanctions on China.
Sanctions, including travel bans and asset freezes, have targeted senior officials in Xinjiang, who have been accused of serious human rights abuses against Uyghur Muslims.
The number of Uighurs and other minorities detained in camps in the Northwest Province is estimated to be more than 1 million.
The Chinese government has been accused of forcibly sterilizing Uyghur women and separating children from their families.
A BBC investigation published last February included first-hand testimonies of systematic rape, sexual assault and torture of detainees.
China responded by imposing sanctions on European officials.
What is the COVID-19 plan for the Group of Seven?
Leaders will issue the Carbis Bay Declaration to prevent any repetition of the scenario of human and economic destruction wrought by COVID-19.
According to Johns Hopkins University, more than 175 million people worldwide have been infected since the outbreak began, and there have been 3.7 million deaths linked to Covid-19.
The G7 declaration will outline a series of steps, including:
– Reduce the time it takes to develop and license vaccines, treatments, and diagnoses for any future disease to less than 100 days
– Strengthen global surveillance networks and genetic sequencing capacityرة
– Supporting and promoting WHO reform
The announcement is expected to include recommendations from a report prepared by a group of international experts from various industrial, government and scientific sectors.
UN Secretary-General António Guterres and WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Ghebreyesus will also participate in Saturday’s session.
Dr. Tedros stressed that “the world needs a stronger global surveillance system to detect the risks of new epidemics and pandemics.”